Historiographical essay on Racial segregation, Urban Crisis,

Historiographical essay on Racial segregation, Urban Crisis,

Order Description
I need a historigraphical essay on the following 5 books:


Hirsch, Arnold R. Making the Second Ghetto: Race and Housing in Chicago, 1940-1960. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983.

Jackson, Kenneth T. Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Satter, Beryl. Family Properties: How the Struggle over Race and Real Estate Transformed Chicago and Urban America. 2009

Self, Robert O. American Babylon: Race and the Struggle for Postwar Oakland. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003.

Sugrue, Thomas J. The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1996.

I want to talk about the importance of each book, what each author contributed, and also put them in conversation with each other when possible (for example talk about books that focus on suburbanization vs urbanization. compare how Satter and Hirsch write about Chicago. Compare how Hirsch focuses on the actions of white people while Robert Self includes more discussion on black response and political mobilization). I also want to follow them chronologically when possible (books written in the 80’s vs 90’s vs 2000’s). No other sources are needed.

Below I wrote part of a draft of what I wanted to discuss. It doesn’t need to be included in the paper.

The Civil Rights Movement of the 1950’s and 1960’s has the legacy of successfully and permanently ending legalized segregation by race in the Southern states, in other words, ending Jim Crow. However, while SNCC sat at the counter in Woolworth’s, Martin Luther King captured the attention and sympathies of large parts of the nation, and students rode towards constant racialized violence in buses, Blacks in cities outside of the southern states experienced a different struggle and their own form of spatial separation and racialized victimhood not specifically addressed by this movement. In cities outside of the Southern states, black people continuously suffered in poverty and remained outside of the growing suburbanized United States. Years after the victories of the Civil Rights Movement, black people throughout country lived separately from whites. Historians have worked to uncover when and why this happened over the last thirty years. Historians of the twentieth century have written about the impacts of de-industrialization and massive suburbanization in the post-World War II era and the impact of both on the “urban crisis.” because of widespread federal programs, local politics, industrial trends, racial violence, and housing issue.

The establishment and maintenance of segregation in Northern cities presents a larger discussion for historians as state legislatures and legacy of slavery does not act as the specific historical cause. Historians have handled the issues of race and space in various ways. In each case, historians present a timeline and an answer to the when, why, and how of the urban crisis and so-called de-facto segregation. Although they analyze different locations (such as Chicago, Oakland, and Detroit), and focus on different causes (whether federal, local, individual), collectively historians make clear that racism became institutionalized in American housing and that people did this deliberately. Historians have captured the expansive causes throughout the United States to uncover and expose the culmination of causes of isolation as well as the detrimental effects of racist policy. Racist policy combined with racist people and shared racist ideology of those that had power, influence, and interest in separation. These works emphasize the mutual dependency of the growing suburbs and the povertized city. As these historians use different sources in different places they collectively prove that the American dream was one meant for white people alone.

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