Forces and Public Issues in Industry

Subject: Business


Part A: A Brawl in Mickey’s Backyard(2 pages)
Read the Discussion Case, “A Brawl in Mickey’s Backyard,”
Question 1: In a chart, diagram, or paragraph form, identify the primary and secondary (or market and nonmarket) stakeholder groups influencing or influenced by SunCal’s plans to develop a 26-acre site in the resort district.
Question 2: Explain why each stakeholder group identified in question 1 is in favour of, or opposed to, SunCal’s plans to build condominiums in the resort district.
Question 3: Identify possible solutions to this dispute that might emerge if SunCal was to work collaboratively with its stakeholders to address their concerns.
Part B: The Tobacco Industry(9 pages)
The tobacco industry is constantly in the media. Choose one or more public issue(s) relating to the tobacco industry (banning of smoking in public places, secondary smoke health issues, controls on tobacco advertising and corporate sponsorship, youth or women as a tobacco industry target markets, etc.) Write a 2500-word double-spaced report containing the following:
Section 1. Context: Introduce the issue(s) you have selected and list primary and secondary stakeholders influencing or influenced by this issue(s). Be specific in naming individuals, groups, associations, and/or government bodies and describe these stakeholders’ roles.
Section 2. What does this mean to my family? Identify your own stakeholder role(s) in relation to the tobacco industry and cigarette smoking in our society. Describe the biases, perspectives, or experiences that may influence your position on this public issue.
Section 3. What does this mean to my company? Imagine yourself as a tobacco industry executive and describe management of the public issue(s) from this perspective.
Section 4. What does this mean to my country? Discuss the role(s) of government in this issue(s) and how it is influencing both the industry and the public.
Section 5. Media impact: Describe the media’s role in this issue(s) and the perspective it is presenting to the public. Discuss both industry-sponsored media communications, as well as government communications and reporting in the popular press. Cite specific examples using references.

Political Science
Often the efficiency of public bureaucracies is judged in terms of the efficiency of private business and other organizations. In many instances, government has been expected to do things that businesses in the marketplace have chosen not to do or have found unprofitable. Might the tasks that government is asked to perform be more prone to inefficiency? Think about the ways in which business might be able to perform some tasks that government currently performs. Would business necessarily perform these tasks more efficiently? Should efficiency be the only priority in the public enterprise?

Social Learning

Subject: Management

Even though social learning is an extension of operant conditioning (e.g., behavior is a function of consequences), it emphasizes the environment in which learning takes place. Social learning emphasizes that people can learn through observation and direct experience. Theorist Albert Bandura, for example, used this theory to explain juvenile delinquency. Young children learn aggressive responses from observing others. Social learning theory believes that learning occurs largely through modeling; the model directly influences the learner. It is the task of the model to transfer the necessary skill or knowledge onto the learning. Please provide examples of this theory in practice. Have you observed other employees modeling behavior as they learned new jobs? Explain.

Social Ecology Research method
Select a specific research question of personal interest to you. For example, what are the effect of exposure to environmental stressor on physical health? Or, do youths who enter the juvenile justice system have interpersonal difficulties as adults? Or, how are social conditions associated with performance in the workplace? Then, find 2 empirical articles from peer-reviewed journals that report the quantitative results of a study that addresses your question. Remember, empirical articles are those that report actual data collected from research. Both articles that you identify must be published in the past 5 years (2007-2013) and must come from 2 different journals (not just different issues of the same journal).

First, state what your research question is, and clarify how both of the articles that you have selected fit together to address this topic. Along with your answers to the question below, submit copies of the journal abstracts of both articles you select. When doing so, make sure the abstract you submit includes the COMPLETE reference for the article (i.e., the title of the journal must be specified, along with the article’s title, author(s), and year of publication. This is frequently printed on the very top line of most journal articles, or somewhere on the first page, where the abstract usually appears).

Then, 550 words (single-spaced) typed pages per article answer is a must , to answer the following questions, state number in front of the answers. You also need to use the technical terms in the field of research method in your answer. For example, Conceptualization, Operationalization, Reliability, Internal / external validity, Direct / indirect causation, Bi-directional correlation, Reciprocal causation, Spurious relationship, Bias, Experimenter effect, Probability sampling, Non-probability sampling, Simple random sampling, Stratified random sampling, Cluster sampling, Accidental / Quota / Purposive sampling, Inductive, Deductive, Placebo effect, Independent / dependent variable, Causal inference, Cofounding variable : Maturation, History, Mortality, Differential attrition, Instrumentation changes, etc.

1. Write on “overview” or brief summary (no more than a paragraph) of the article. Indicate your assessment of what the study is about and its major findings.
2. What is the basic research question addressed in this article?
3. What variables were studied?
4. How were the variables operationally defined?
5. Who were the subjects in this study and what was the sample size?
6. What kind of sampling was used? How was the sample obtained?
7. What were the procedures used to test the hypotheses in this study?
8. Was the experimental or correlational method used?
9. What were the major results of the study? Were the results consistent with the hypotheses?
10. Can you think of any alternative interpretations for the results reported? If so, what are they? If not, why not?
Application in the Workplace

Subject: Management
Employee discipline: How far should managers go in the use of punishment? •What conditions, if any, do you think justify the use of punishment?
•Have you ever worked for a boss that used punishment? What was your response?



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