Distributive Justice

Paper instructions:
One of the most difficult dilemmas to resolve relates to the allocation of valuable, but scarce resources. Setting standards by which resources are allocated is

not an easy task. We hear about patients every day that don’t make it because there aren’t enough organs for those on the list. Please read the article: History of

deceased organ donation, transplantation, and organ procurement organizations by Howard, Cornell, and Cochran. After reading the article and doing additional research,

please respond to the following questions.

1.Discuss some of the earliest examples of transplantation. Do you think these early experiments made it easier for it to become so commonplace today? What lessons

can we learn from the early pioneers?
2.Discuss the process of using organs from deceased patients. What are at least two ethical principles that apply to this process? Be sure to address distributive

justice as one of your choices. What are the ethical issues that may arise? What are some instances where the dead donor rule has been violated?
3.Briefly discuss the origins of organ procurement organizations (OPO). What role do they play in organ donations? What ethical issues do you see with these

organizations? What are the rules and regulations that govern these organizations?
4.We tend to think of organ transplantation as pertaining to healthcare alone. Provide some examples of how your specific discipline might impact some aspect of

organ donation. For example, how might a public health agency impact the process or rules and regulations for organ donation?

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