Define the necessary components and functions of an operating system as they relate to the Kernel and the shell


Windows and Mac computer systems have one central kernel that abstracts the hardware so the operating system can manage it. Linux is more customizable because it allows you to create your own kernel. You have been hired as an IT consultant and have been asked to write a manual on the kernel distributions of Linux. This requires the following deliverables:

Define the necessary components and functions of an operating system as they relate to the Kernel and the shell.
List the 5 most common distributions (there are over 600 at present).
After choosing the kernel, the choice of a shell also needs to be made. List at least 2 shells that are available for the kernel that you have selected.
Choose one of the shells, and discuss how you can perform a minimum of 20 commands or functions.
These commands must include command-line utilities and scripting techniques for automating operating system tasks, including enterprise deployment.

Common Assessment – Bachelor of Information Technology, Version 3.0
Common Rubric Criteria for ITCO 211
Expectations: Student work at the undergraduate level is expected to focus on a broad overview of an academic discipline, along with where appropriateâ€â€
basic theoretical frameworks of professional practices and familiarity with discipline-specific tools and their application. Blooms taxonomy levels only apply for
IT content criteria. Blue color refers the basic expectation on the criterion for the assignment. Besides the five level letters, “N/A” option is also available for 1)
The student didn’t submit the work. 2) The topics in the criterion are not covered in the assignment requirements.
IT Content Criteria
IT Content Criteria Exemplary (A) Accomplished (B) Proficient (C) Partially Proficient (D) Unacceptable (F)
Blooms Taxonomy Level Analysis Application Comprehension Knowledge Knowledge
Hardware Concepts
Demonstrates full
understanding of
hardware concepts.
Hardware component
description is detailed
and correctly applied to
situation and makes use
of current resources.
Examines requirement
set and identifies
necessary network
elements. Analyzes
diagrams and other
requirement set resulting
in recommendations for
Demonstrates sound
understanding of
hardware. Employs
network elements as
appropriate based on
requirement set.
Prepares detailed
document including
illustrated physical and
logical network design.
Demonstrates basic
understanding of
hardware concepts and
principles. Hardware
element descriptions
are summarized.
Recognizes differences
between network
elements. Selects
necessary hardware
based upon stated
Demonstrates a lack of
understanding of
hardware concepts.
Network elements are
described briefly. Network
elements are named,
however, limited
information offered with
respect to function or
application. Student work
shows significant errors in
Does not demonstrate
an acceptable
understanding of
hardware. Student work
absent or completely
defective regarding
hardware component
functions or application.
Unable to adequately
describe network
hardware elements.


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