Conduct Exploratory Research About NIVEA

Order Description

Students are required to write a research proposal in response to the case study assigned by the Lecturer. In the process students will provide a background, investigate any secondary data relevant to the topic area, identify the management decision problem, a broad marketing research problem and related specific components, scope out a research design, provide a projected budget, timelines and reporting format, and develop a discussion guide. The secondary data analysis should take the form of a literature review and students are expected to provide a summary of existing research. Any additional relevant material should be included in the appendix. You need to focus on how to conduct exploratory research through qualitative primary data either through focus groups or depth interviews.
This task involves the preparation of a research report. The research report should include:
 Title Page
 Table of Contents
 Executive Summary
 Main Body Structure
– Background
– Previous Research/Literature Review
– Statement of the Problem [(i) Management Decision Problem; (ii) Marketing Research Problem (The broad statement and the specific components) – Research Questions and Hypotheses
– Research Design
– Reporting, Costs and Timing
 Conclusion
 References
 Appendices (Discussion guide/Aide Memoire)
Submission Details:
The report, references and appendices to be assembled in one document and submitted as follows:
1. One hard copy is submitted to the Convenor in Week 7 (first thing in your respective tutorial class).
2. One electronic copy uploaded to Blackboard by 5pm the day before your tutorial class.
Word limit: The word limit on this phase of the assignment is 2000 words (not including table of contents, executive summary, references).
Value/Weighting: This phase of the assignment is worth 20% of your total assessment in this subject. The assessment criteria are provided following the next page

NIVEA:Marketing Research Leads to Consistency in Marketing
Nivea (, the skin care products company, is part of the German
Beiersdorf conglomerate. As of 2011, Nivea’s skin care product line is marketed in
more than 150 countries. The product line has been around for about 10 decades,
originating with a scientific breakthrough of the first skin cream that did not separate
into water and oil. That, coupled with intelligent marketing based on marketing
research, has led to a strong positive brand image, which accounts for much of
Nivea’s success.
Nivea, founded in 1911, began marketing in the 1920s when it changed its logo
and began selling its product around the world. Early on, Nivea established its brand
identity as a pure and gentle product that families could rely on. Early advertisements
featured the Nivea Girl. In 1924, it broke from tradition and began advertising with the
Nivea Boy. This helped Nivea convey the message that Nivea skin cream was for the
entire family. Its brand image has transcended the decades with the help of a
foundation built upon advertising that stresses family relationships and values.
In the 1970s, Nivea had to defend itself against true competition for the first
time. It relied heavily on marketing research, which helped it to formulate a
two-pronged response: (1) defense of its core business through a new advertising
campaign—Crème de la Crème and (2) the introduction of new products, which
helped keep the brand fresh and introduced new
sources of sales.
In the 1980s, marketing research indicated
that brand differentiation was becoming increasingly
important. In response, Nivea began branding with
sub-brands. These sub-brands included skin care,
bath products, sun protection, baby care, facial care,
hair care, and care for men. It used an umbrella
strategy with the sub-brands, meaning that it used
its core brand to encompass all of the sub-brands. The goal was to establish
individual images that were distinct but consistent with Nivea’s core image. Nivea
focused on strengthening the brand name and linking the new sub-brands with the
core brand’s traditional values. The result was an explosion in sales.
Nivea was able to continue its success into the 1990s, and sales grew rapidly
throughout the decade. The growth was due in large part to the introduction of new
products, each based on extensive marketing research. The most successful
products were its antiwrinkle cream and an entire line of cosmetics.
Nivea entered the new millennium as the number-one skin care and
cosmetics company in the world. However, Nivea, a nearly 100-year-old brand,
found itself in need of a makeover to evolve its strongly entrenched brand image of
being a mild, reliable family product. The company had to revamp its product
portfolio and marketing and branding strategy in order to address the changing
needs and aspirations of its consumers and to appeal to a younger, more modern
audience. This initiative placed a great emphasis on marketing research to transform
the Nivea brand to a new, youthful identity.
The launch of  Nivea Styling is an example of the how the old Nivea image had
become a handicap. Marketing research revealed that Nivea was very strongly
identified with richness and creaminess, whereas in styling products consumers
look for long-lasting hold and funky hairstyles. Nivea had to convince customers
that it was not only about mild and caring products, but could also fulfill the needs
of the category, which meant long-lasting hold.
However, Nivea, did not want to restrict itself to an exclusively young
audience, but sought to extend the Nivea legacy and the Nivea line of products to
more mature women. The launch of Nivea Vital , a line of products for mature
women, was not without its share of challenges. Older women had not been given
due attention by most beauty products companies, and hence there was a lack of
understanding of awareness about how older women feel about beauty and aging.
The company relied on marketing research to fill this gap. An unprecedented ad
campaign featuring a mature woman was planned. Nivea was fearful that showing an
older woman in an ad campaign could negatively impact the brand, making it appear
old and less modern, thereby losing the support of its younger consumers.
Marketing research was used to carefully test the choice of the model for the ad, and
her beauty and self-confidence helped Nivea prevent this harmful side-effect to its
brand image. The model, a 50-year-old woman, turned out to be the perfect model
for the brand, and the campaign had the opposite effect of what was feared.
Consumers felt that Nivea, by daring to show a mature and beautiful model, was
truly a modern brand. In 2010, Nivea was named the “Most Trusted Brand” for skin
care for the sixth time in a row in a high-profile consumer study conducted by
Reader’s Digest involving consumers from 16 European countries.
The company still faces many challenges. Its greatest challenge is in the U.S.
market, where the brand is not as strong as it is in other parts of the world. The U.S.
market poses many obstacles because it is the largest and most dynamic market in
the world. Nivea hopes to overcome these obstacles through the use of extensive
marketing research. This research will lead Nivea to launch more products and to
develop focused marketing strategies.
Nivea seeks consistency in its marketing, which can be problematic when trying
to communicate the same message across various cultures and countries. However,
Nivea will do whatever it takes to maintain this consistency, because it believes it gives
them an edge over competitors. It helps consumers relate all its products to its core
brand and identity. Nivea will continue to rely on marketing research to retain and
refine the consistency in their marketing across global markets.
Nivea, a large company, had to rely on marketing research to revamp its brand
image to keep itself relevant and to appeal to consumers. The company’s launch of
Nivea Vital demonstrates that if researched well, a product line can significantly
enhance a company’s brand image, even though the product might not be targeted at
the core target audience. In sum, the case shows the use of marketing research in
some of the aspects of developing, sustaining, and evolving a brand.
1. Nivea would like to increase its share of the U.S. market. Define the
management-decision problem.
2. Define an appropriate marketing research problem based on the
management-decision problem identified in question 1.
3. Nivea would like to undertake research to understand the preferences of
American consumers for skin care products. What type of research design
should be adopted and why?
4. Discuss the role of qualitative research in understanding the preferences of
American consumers for skin care products. Which qualitative research
techniques should be used and why?
5. If a survey is to be conducted to understand the preferences of American
consumers for skin care products, which survey method should be used
and why?
6. Develop Likert, semantic differential, and Stapel scales for deter-mining consumers’ evaluation of skin care products. How would
you implement these scales in social media?
1., accessed February 20, 2011.
2., accessed February 20, 2011.
3. Anonymous, “World’s Top 100 Brands—Are They Fact or Fiction,”  Brand
Strategy (August 21, 2002): 10.
Naresh K. Malhotra, Basic Marketing Research: Integration of Social Media , 4e. Copyright © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall.

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